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Alan Turing was a mathematician who in 1937 suggested a theoretical machine, since called a Turing Machine, that became the basis of modern computing. In 1950 he suggested what has become known as a "Turing's test," still the criterion for recognizing intelligence in a machine. During World War II Turing led the team that succeeded in breaking German highlevel secret codes, using the first practical programmed computer, called Colossus. Turing was a homosexual, a crime in England at the time, and in 1952 he was tried, convicted and sentenced to estrogen treatments. In 1954 he died of cyanide poisoning, an apparent suicide.
Turing was also an accomplished competitive runner....

















Charles Babbage, Invention Computer, 1822
Charles Babbage was an English mathematician, analytical philosopher, mechanical engineer and (proto) computer scientist who originated the idea of a programmable computer. Parts of his uncompleted mechanisms are on display in the London Science Mus... 






Oscar Wilde, Irish Poet and Dramatist
Oscar Wilde, Irish poet and dramatist whose reputation rests on his comic masterpieces Lady Windermere's Fan (1892) and The Importance of Being Earnest (1895). Among Wilde's other bestknown works are his only novel The Picture of Dorian Gray(1891) a... 






David Hilbert, German Mathematician
David Hilbert, was a German mathematician. He is recognized as one of the most influential and universal mathematicians of the 19th and early 20th centuries. Hilbert discovered and developed a broad range of fundamental ideas in many areas, including... 






Werner Heisenberg, Uncertainty Principle
Werner Karl Heisenberg was a German theoretical physicist and one of the key creators of quantum mechanics. He published his work in 1925 in a breakthrough paper. In the subsequent series of papers with Max Born and Pascual Jordan, during the same ye... 






Thommy Flowers, Designed Colossus
Thomas "Tommy" Harold Flowers was an English engineer. During World War II, Flowers designed Colossus, the world's first programmable electronic computer, to help solve encrypted German messages.
Flowers's first contact with the wartime codebreaki... 






Claude Shannon, Founder Information Theory
Claude Elwood Shannon was an American mathematician, electronic engineer, and cryptographer known as "the father of information theory". Shannon is famous for having founded information theory with one landmark paper published in 1948. But he is also... 






Gordon Moore, Moore's Law
Gordon Earle Moore is the cofounder and Chairman Emeritus of Intel Corporation and the author of Moore's Law (published in an article 19 April 1965 in Electronics Magazine). Moore's law describes a longterm trend in the history of computing hardwar... 






Edsger W. Dijkstra, Dutch Computer Scientist
Edsger Wybe Dijkstra was a Dutch computer scientist. He received the 1972 Turing Award for fundamental contributions to developing programming languages, and was the Schlumberger Centennial Chair of Computer Sciences at The University of Texas at Aus... 



















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