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The Stabat Mater is a 13th-century Christian hymn to Mary, which portrays her suffering as Jesus Christ's mother during his crucifixion. Its author may be either the Franciscan friar Jacopone da Todi or Pope Innocent III. The title comes from its first line, "Stabat Mater dolorosa", which means "the sorrowful mother was standing".

The hymn is sung at the liturgy on the memorial of Our Lady of Sorrows. The Stabat Mater has been set to music by many Western composers, most famously by Palestrina (~1590), Charpentier (1685), Vivaldi (1712), Domenico Scarlatti (1715) and Alessandro Scarlatti (1723), Pergolesi (1736), Joseph Haydn (1767), Giuseppe Tartini (1769), Boccherini (1781), Rossini (1831–41), Dvořák (1876–77), Verdi (1896–97), Szymanowski (1925–26), Poulenc (1950), Arvo Pärt (1985) and Paul Mealor (2009)....
 
 
The Stabat Mater is a 13th-century Christian hymn to Mary, which portrays her suffering as Jesus Christ's mother during his crucifixion. Its author may be either the Franciscan friar Jacopone da Todi or Pope Innocent III. The title comes from its first line, "Stabat Mater dolorosa", which means "the sorrowful mother was standing".

The hymn is sung at the liturgy on the memorial of Our Lady of Sorrows. The Stabat Mater has been set to music by many Western composers, most famously by Palestrina (~1590), Charpentier (1685), Vivaldi (1712), Domenico Scarlatti (1715) and Alessandro Scarlatti (1723), Pergolesi (1736), Joseph Haydn (1767), Giuseppe Tartini (1769), Boccherini (1781), Rossini (1831–41), Dvořák (1876–77), Verdi (1896–97), Szymanowski (1925–26), Poulenc (1950), Arvo Pärt (1985) and Paul Mealor (2009)....

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