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Who → Activists •
Actors •
Anarchists •
Architects •
Artists •
Astronauts •
Athletes •
Bankers •
Billionaires •
Chefs •
Chess players •
Christians •
Communists •
Composers •
Conquerors •
Conquistadors •
Crusaders •
Designers •
Dictators •
Directors •
Engineers •
Entrepreneurs •
Explorers •
Founders •
Freemasons •
Historians •
Humanists •
Inventors •
Jurists •
Mechanicians •
Merchants •
Muses •
Musicians •
Muslims •
Painters •
Philanthropists •
Philosophers •
Photographers •
Pilots •
Pirates •
Polymaths •
Prodigies •
Reformers •
Revolutionaries •
Royalty •
Sailors •
Scientists •
Settlers •
Soldiers •
Statesmen •
Teachers •
Visionaries •
Warriors •
Writers •
Women •
Icons •
People Scientists → Alchemists •
Anthropologists •
Archaeologists •
Astrologers •
Astronomers •
Biologists •
Botanists •
Chemists •
Economists •
Geographers •
Geologists •
Mathematicians •
Biochemists •
Geochemists •
Hydrographer •
Meteorologist •
Microbiologist •
Naturalists •
Neurologist •
Opticien •
Philologist •
Physicians •
Physicists •
Psychologists •
Scholars •
Seismologists



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Emanuel Swedenborg was a Swedish scientist, philosopher, Christian mystic and theologian. Swedenborg had a prolific career as an inventor and scientist. In 1741 at the age of fiftythree he entered into a spiritual phase in which he eventua... 






Montesquieu, was a French lawyer, man of letters, and political philosopher who lived during the Age of Enlightenment.
He is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, which is implemented in many constitutions th... 






Colin Maclaurin was a Scottish mathematician who made important contributions to geometry and algebra. The Maclaurin series, a special case of the Taylor series, is named after him.
Maclaurin also made significant contributions to the gr... 






PierreLouis Moreau de Maupertuis was a French mathematician, philosopher and man of letters. He became the Director of the Académie des Sciences, and the first President of the Berlin Academy of Science, at the invitation of Frederick the... 






Anders Celsius became famous for his recommendation in 1742 to divide the temperature scale of a mercury thermometer at 760mm mercury air pressure into 100 degrees, where 100 is the frozing point and 0 the boiling point of water. Because of... 






Thomas Bayes was a British mathematician and Presbyterian minister, known for having formulated a special case of Bayes' theorem. Bayes was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1742.
Bayes is known to have published two works in his li... 






Gabrielle Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, marquise du Châtelet was a French mathematician, physicist, and author during the Age of Enlightenment. Her crowning achievement is considered to be her translation and commentary on Isaac Newton's... 






Benjamin Franklin was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A noted polymath, Franklin was a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, postmaster, scientist, musician, inventor, satirist, civic activist, statesman... 






Carl Linnaeus was a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, who laid the foundations for the modern biological naming scheme of binomial nomenclature. He is known as the father of modern taxonomy, and is also considered one of the fathe... 






Leonhard Euler was a pioneering Swiss mathematician and physicist. He made important discoveries in fields as diverse as infinitesimal calculus and graph theory. He also introduced much of the modern mathematical terminology and notation, p... 






GeorgesLouis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon was a French naturalist, mathematician, cosmologist, and encyclopedic author. His works influenced the next two generations of naturalists, including JeanBaptiste Lamarck and Georges Cuvier. Buffon pu... 






Julien Offroy de La Mettrie, French physician, atheist, mechanist and materialist; an infamous specimen of the Enlightenment. La Mettrie's Man a Machine (L'Homme Machine, 1748) is his main and most infamous work. He wrote his Man a Machine... 






Mikhail Lomonosov was a Russian polymath, scientist and writer, who made important contributions to literature, education, and science. Among his discoveries was the atmosphere of Venus. His spheres of science were natural science, chemistr... 






James Lind was a Scottish physician. He was a pioneer of naval hygiene in the Royal Navy. By conducting the first ever clinical trial, he developed the theory that citrus fruits cured scurvy. He argued for the health benefits of better vent... 






Johann Joachim Winckelmann was a German art historian and archaeologist. He was a pioneering Hellenist who first articulated the difference between Greek, GrecoRoman and Roman art. "The prophet and founding hero of modern archaeology", Win... 



















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