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    Mandelbrot, Father Fractal Geometry  
Benoît B. Mandelbrot was a Franco-American mathematician. Born in Poland, he moved to France with his family when he was a child. Mandelbrot spent much of his life living and working in the United States, acquiring dual French and American...
 
    James Watson, Cracked DNA Code  
James Dewey Watson is an American molecular biologist, geneticist, and zoologist, best known as one of the co-discoverers of the structure of DNA in 1953 with Francis Crick. Watson, Crick, and Maurice Wilkins were awarded the 1962 Nobel Pri...
 
    John Bell, Bell's Theorem 1964  
John Stewart Bell FRS was a British physicist from Northern Ireland (Ulster), and the originator of Bell's theorem, a significant theorem in quantum physics regarding hidden variable theories. In 1964, after a year's leave from CERN that he...
 
    John Nash, Nash Equilibrium  
John Forbes Nash Jr. was an American mathematician who made fundamental contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and the study of partial differential equations. Nash's work has provided insight into the factors that govern chan...
 
    The Great Depression, 1930s  
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States. The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations; in most countries, it started in 1929 and las...
 
    Amitai Etzioni, Professor of Sociology  
After receiving his Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of California, Berkeley in 1958, Amitai Etzioni served as a Professor of Sociology at Columbia University for 20 years; part of that time as the Chairman of the department. He was a...
 
    Peter Higgs, Higgs Boson Particle  
Peter Ware Higgs is best known for his 1960s proposal of broken symmetry in electroweak theory, explaining the origin of mass of elementary particles in general and of the W and Z bosons in particular. This so-called Higgs mechanism predict...
 
    Gordon Moore, Moore's Law  
Gordon Earle Moore is the co-founder and Chairman Emeritus of Intel Corporation and the author of Moore's Law (published in an article 19 April 1965 in Electronics Magazine). Moore's law describes a long-term trend in the history of computi...
 
    Edsger W. Dijkstra, Dutch Computer Scientist  
Edsger Wybe Dijkstra was a Dutch computer scientist. He received the 1972 Turing Award for fundamental contributions to developing programming languages, and was the Schlumberger Centennial Chair of Computer Sciences at The University of Te...
 
    Dian Fossey, American Primatologist  
Dian Fossey was an American zoologist, primatologist, and anthropologist who undertook an extensive study of gorilla groups over a period of 18 years. She studied them daily in the mountain forests of Rwanda, initially encouraged to work th...
 
    Steven Weinberg, Physicist, Electroweak Interaction  
Steven Weinberg (is an American theoretical physicist and Nobel laureate in Physics for his contributions with Abdus Salam and Sheldon Glashow to the unification of the weak force and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles...
 
    Lynn Margulis, American Biologist  
Lynn Margulis was an American biologist and University Professor in the Department of Geosciences at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. She developed a theory of the origin of eukaryotic organelles, and contributed to the endosymbioti...
 
    Stephen Hawking, Physicist  
Stephen William Hawking is an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, author and Director of Research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology within the University of Cambridge. His scientific works include a collaboration with Roger Pe...
 
    Charles H. Bennett, Physicist  
Charles Henry Bennett is a physicist, information theorist and IBM Fellow at IBM Research. Bennett's recent work at IBM has concentrated on a re-examination of the physical basis of information, applying quantum physics to the problems surr...
 
    UNESCO  
UNESCO - the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization was born on November 16, 1945. For this specialized UN agency, it is not enough to build classrooms in devastated countries or to publish scientific breakthroughs...
 
       
         
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