Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria

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The earliest recorded account of the Coast Miwok people made by the Europeans was a diary kept by Chaplain Fletcher aboard Sir Francis Drake's ship which landed in Marin county that year.

1579 - 1809 - The Spanish and Russian voyagers provide additional information about encounters with the Coast Miwok and their occupancy of the area. A Russian outpost at Bodega Bay, Fort Ross, is established in 1809.

1769-1823 - The Mission Period. The Spanish missions and the Mexican occupancy impacted this area of California. Mission San Francisco de Asisi (Mission Dolores), Mission San Rafael Archangel and Mission San Francisco Solano used Indians including the Coast Miwok and Southern Pomo people as their labor source. Records from these missions are still used to substantiate the Native culture and genealocial research. Even after the missison period, Indian people continued in servitude to the Mexican land grant owners throughout their confiscated land in their tribal territory.

1823 - 1880 - After the mission period ended in the 1830s, the Indians of San Rafael were granted 80,000 acres (20 leagues) in Nicasio (north and west of San Rafael). About 500 Indians located there. By 1850 the 36 Indian people remaining were persuaded to leave when Marin country stopped giving funds to any Indian not living at the poor farm.

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