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Pope John XXII, born Jacques Duèze (or d'Euse), was pope from 1316 to 1334. He was the son of a shoemaker in Cahors. He studied medicine in Montpellier and law in Paris. The two-year gap (sede vacante) between the death of Pope Clement V in 1314 and the election of John XXII in 1316 was due to extreme disagreement between the cardinals, who were split into two factions. After two years, Philip V of France (131622) finally managed to arrange a conclave of twenty-three cardinals in Lyon. They duly elected Jacques d'Euse Pope John XXII and he was crowned in Lyon. He set up his residence in Avignon rather than Rome, continuing the Avignon Papacy forced by King Philip IV in 1309 that would end in 1377. John XXII involved himself in the politics and religious movements of many European countries in order to advance the interests of the Church. This made him a very controversial pope at the time.

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Pope John XXII, born Jacques Duèze (or d'Euse), was pope from 1316 to 1334. He was the son of a shoemaker in Cahors. He studied medicine in Montpellier and law in Paris. The two-year gap (sede vacante) between the death of Pope Clement V in 1314 and the election of John XXII in 1316 was due to extreme disagreement between the cardinals, who were split into two factions. After two years, Philip V of France (131622) finally managed to arrange a conclave of twenty-three cardinals in Lyon. They duly elected Jacques d'Euse Pope John XXII and he was crowned in Lyon. He set up his residence in Avignon rather than Rome, continuing the Avignon Papacy forced by King Philip IV in 1309 that would end in 1377. John XXII involved himself in the politics and religious movements of many European countries in order to advance the interests of the Church. This made him a very controversial pope at the time. More...

 
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