Virginia Woolf, British novelist, also distinguished feminist essayist, critic, and a central figure of the Bloomsbury group.
During the inter-war period Woolf was at the center of literary Society. The Bloomsbury group was initially based at the Gordon Square residence of Virginia and her sister Vanessa.
Virginia Woolf's concern with feminist thematics are dominant in A Room Of One's Own (1929), which deals with the obstacles and prejudices that have hindered women writers, and explores in the last chapter the possibility of an androgynous mind. Three Guineas (1938) examined the necessity for women to make a claim for their own history and literature. Orlando (1928), a fantasy novel, traced the career of the androgynous protagonist from a masculine identity within the Elizabethan court to a feminine identity in 1928. Woolf was also prolific as an essayist, publishing some 500 essays in periodicals and collections, beginning 1905.
After her final attack of mental illness Woolf loaded her pockets with stones and drowned herself in the River Ouse near her Sussex home on March 28, 1941.