HomeAboutLoginWidgets
       
       
         
         
             
 
570 - 633
  Muhammad, Prophet of Islam   Muhammad, Prophet of Islam
Muhammad is the central prophet of the Islamic faith. Born into a noble Quraish (Quraysh) clan, he was orphaned at an early age. He grew up to be a successful merchant, then turned contemplative; it's said that beginning when he was 40, Muhammad was...
 
 
573 - 634
  Abu Bakr, The First Caliph   Abu Bakr, The First Caliph
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, popularly known by his nickname Abu Bakr was a senior companion (Sahabi) and the father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632–634 CE when he became the first Muslim Caliph following...
 
 
579 - 644
  Umar, The Second Caliph   Umar, The Second Caliph
Umar, also spelled Omar, Umar ibn Al-Khattab, Umar Son of Al-Khattab, was one of the most powerful and influential Muslim caliphs (rulers) in history. He was a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He succeeded Abu Bakr (632–634) as the second R...
 
 
714 - 775
  Al-Mansur, 2nd Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate   Al-Mansur, 2nd Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate
Al-Mansur was the second Abbasid Caliph from 136 AH to 158 AH (754 AD – 775 AD). He is generally regarded as the real founder of the Abbasid Caliphate. In 762 he founded as new imperial residence and palace city Madinat as-Salam (the city of peace...
 
 
731 - 788
  Abd al-Rahman I, Founder Al-Andalus   Abd al-Rahman I, Founder Al-Andalus
Abd al-Rahman I was the founder of a Muslim dynasty that ruled the greater part of Iberia for nearly three centuries (including the succeeding Caliphate of Córdoba). The Muslims called the regions of Iberia under their dominion al-Andalus. Abd al-Rah...
 
 
870 - 950
  Al-Farabi, Muslim Philosopher   Al-Farabi, Muslim Philosopher
Al-Farabi was a renowned scientist and philosopher of the Islamic Golden Age. He was also a cosmologist, logician, and musician. Through his commentaries and treatises, Al-Farabi became well known among medieval Muslim intellectuals as "The Second...
 
 
889 - 961
  Abd-ar-Rahman III, Caliph of Córdoba   Abd-ar-Rahman III, Caliph of Córdoba
Abd-ar-Rahman III was the Emir and Caliph of Córdoba (912–961) of the Ummayad dynasty in al-Andalus. Called al-Nasir li-Din Allah ("the Defender of God's Faith"), he ascended the throne in his early 20s, and reigned for half a century as the most pow...
 
    Alhazen, The Physicist   Alhazen, The Physicist
Alhazen (Ibn al-Haytham) was a Muslim scientist, polymath, mathematician, astronomer and philosopher, described in various sources as either Persian or Arab. He made significant contributions to the principles of optics, as well as to physics, astron...
 
    Al-Biruni, Persian Mathematician   Al-Biruni, Persian Mathematician
Abu Rayhan Biruni was a Persian mathematician, physicist, scholar, encyclopedist, philosopher, astronomer, astrologer, traveller, historian, pharmacist, and teacher, who contributed greatly to the fields of mathematics, philosophy, medicine, and scie...
 
    Avicenna, Persian Polymath   Avicenna, Persian Polymath
Avicenna is the Latinate form of Ibn-Sina. He was a Persian polymath regarded both in Europe and the Middle East as one of the most significant thinkers and writers of the Islamic Golden Age. He is known to have written around 450 works across a wide...
 
    Alp Arslan, 2nd Sultan Seljuq Empire   Alp Arslan, 2nd Sultan Seljuq Empire
Alp Arslan was the second Sultan of the Seljuq Empire and great-grandson of Seljuq, the eponymous founder of the dynasty. His real name was Muhammad bin Dawud Chaghri, and for his military prowess, personal valour, and fighting skills he obtained the...
 
    Algazel (Al-Ghazali), Persian Scholar   Algazel (Al-Ghazali), Persian Scholar
Al-Ghazali known as Algazel to the western medieval world, born and died in Tus, in the Khorasan province of Persia (modern day Iran). He was a Muslim theologian, jurist, philosopher, and mystic of Persian origin and remains one of the most celebrate...
 
    Averroes (Ibn Rushd), Muslim Scientist   Averroes (Ibn Rushd), Muslim Scientist
Averroës is the Latinized form of Ibn Rushd, a mediæval Andalusian Muslim polymath. He wrote on logic, Aristotelian and Islamic philosophy, theology, the Maliki school of Islamic jurisprudence, psychology, political and Andalusian classical music the...
 
    Saladin, Opponent of Crusaders   Saladin, Opponent of Crusaders
Saladin was the first Sultan of Egypt and Syria and the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty. A Muslim of Kurdish origin, Saladin led the Muslim opposition to the European Crusaders in the Levant. At the height of his power, his sultanate included Egypt, S...
 
    Rumi, Sufi Mystic   Rumi, Sufi Mystic
Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi was a great Persian poet and Sufi mystic. His Masnavi-ye Manavi is a 6-volume poem regarded by many Sufis as second in importance only to the Qur'an; it is often called "Qur'an-e Parsi" (The Qur'an in Persian). Rumi's influ...
 
       
         



 
 
         
          © 2003-2014 Timeline Index