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Muslims

 
         
         
             
 
570 - 633
  Muhammad, Prophet of Islam
  Muhammad, Prophet of Islam
Muhammad is the central prophet of the Islamic faith. Born into a noble Quraish (Quraysh) clan, he was orphaned at an early age. He grew up to be a successful merchant, then turned contemplative; it's said that beginning when he was 40, Muhammad was...
 
 
573 - 634
  Abu Bakr, The First Caliph
  Abu Bakr, The First Caliph
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, popularly known by his nickname Abu Bakr was a senior companion (Sahabi) and the father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632–634 CE when he became the first Muslim Caliph following...
 
 
579 - 644
  Umar, The Second Caliph
  Umar, The Second Caliph
Umar, also spelled Omar, Umar ibn Al-Khattab, Umar Son of Al-Khattab, was one of the most powerful and influential Muslim caliphs (rulers) in history. He was a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He succeeded Abu Bakr (632–634) as the second R...
 
 
731 - 788
  Abd al-Rahman I, Founder Al-Andalus
  Abd al-Rahman I, Founder Al-Andalus
Abd al-Rahman I was the founder of a Muslim dynasty that ruled the greater part of Iberia for nearly three centuries (including the succeeding Caliphate of Córdoba). The Muslims called the regions of Iberia under their dominion al-Andalus. Abd al-Rah...
 
 
870 - 950
  Al-Farabi, Muslim Philosopher
  Al-Farabi, Muslim Philosopher
Al-Farabi, Farabi, and Abunaser was a Muslim philosopher and scientist and one of the greatest scientists and philosophers of his time. Some historians claim Farabi was born in the small village of Wasij near Farab (in what is today Otrar, Kazakhs...
 
 
889 - 961
  Abd-ar-Rahman III, Caliph of Córdoba
  Abd-ar-Rahman III, Caliph of Córdoba
Abd-ar-Rahman III was the Emir and Caliph of Córdoba (912–961) of the Ummayad dynasty in al-Andalus. Called al-Nasir li-Din Allah ("the Defender of God's Faith"), he ascended the throne in his early 20s, and reigned for half a century as the most pow...
 
    Alhazen, The Physicist
  Alhazen, The Physicist
Alhazen (Ibn al-Haytham) was a Muslim scientist, polymath, mathematician, astronomer and philosopher, described in various sources as either Persian or Arab. He made significant contributions to the principles of optics, as well as to physics, astron...
 
    Al-Biruni, Persian Mathematician
  Al-Biruni, Persian Mathematician
Abu Rayhan Biruni was a Persian mathematician, physicist, scholar, encyclopedist, philosopher, astronomer, astrologer, traveller, historian, pharmacist, and teacher, who contributed greatly to the fields of mathematics, philosophy, medicine, and scie...
 
    Alp Arslan, 2nd Sultan Seljuq Empire
  Alp Arslan, 2nd Sultan Seljuq Empire
Alp Arslan was the second Sultan of the Seljuq Empire and great-grandson of Seljuq, the eponymous founder of the dynasty. His real name was Muhammad bin Dawud Chaghri, and for his military prowess, personal valour, and fighting skills he obtained the...
 
    Algazel (Al-Ghazali), Persian Scholar
  Algazel (Al-Ghazali), Persian Scholar
Al-Ghazali known as Algazel to the western medieval world, born and died in Tus, in the Khorasan province of Persia (modern day Iran). He was a Muslim theologian, jurist, philosopher, and mystic of Persian origin and remains one of the most celebrate...
 
    Averroes (Ibn Rushd), Muslim Scientist
  Averroes (Ibn Rushd), Muslim Scientist
Abu'l Waleed Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Ibn Rushd, known as Averroes in the West, was born in 1128 C.E. in Cordova. He studied philosophy and law from Abu J'afar Haroon and from Ibn Baja; he also studied medicine. Al-Hakam, the famous Umayyad...
 
    Saladin, Opponent of Crusaders
  Saladin, Opponent of Crusaders
Saladin is a hero of Islam, he united Arab forces and recaptured the holy city of Jerusalem from Christian Crusaders in the 12th century A.D. Of Kurdish origin, Saladin became the vizier of Egypt in 1169 and then took full control of the country in 1...
 
    Rumi, Sufi Mystic
  Rumi, Sufi Mystic
Jalal al-Din Muhammad Rumi was a great Persian poet and Sufi mystic. His Masnavi-ye Manavi is a 6-volume poem regarded by many Sufis as second in importance only to the Qur'an; it is often called "Qur'an-e Parsi" (The Qur'an in Persian). Rumi's influ...
 
    Osman I, Founder Ottoman Empire - 1299
  Osman I, Founder Ottoman Empire - 1299
Osman I was the leader of the Ottoman Turks and the founder of the dynasty that established and ruled the Ottoman Empire. The state, while only a small principality (beylik) during Osman's lifetime, was named after him and would prevail as a world em...
 
    Mansa Musa I, Emperor of Mali Empire
  Mansa Musa I, Emperor of Mali Empire
Musa I was the tenth Mansa, which translates as "King of Kings" or "Emperor", of the wealthy Mali Empire. At the time of Mansa Musa's rise to the throne, the Malian Empire consisted of territory formerly belonging to the Ghana Empire and Melle (Mali)...
 
 

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Muslims

 
         



 
 
         
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