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    Rudolf Steiner, Founder Anthroposophy  
Rudolf Steiner was an Austrian philosopher, literary scholar, architect, playwright, educator, and social thinker. He is the founder of anthroposophy, "a movement based on the notion that there is a spiritual world comprehensible to pure th...
 
    Emanuel Lasker, German Chess Player  
Emanuel Lasker was a German chess player, mathematician, and philosopher who was World Chess Champion for 27 years (from 1894 to 1921). In his prime Lasker was one of the most dominant champions, and he is still generally regarded as one of...
 
    Rosa Luxemburg, Political Theorist  
Rosa Luxemburg was a Polish-born German Marxist political theorist, socialist philosopher, and revolutionary. She was a theorist of the Social Democratic Party of the Kingdom of Poland, later becoming involved in the German SPD, followed by...
 
    Russell, Philosopher & Mathematician  
Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3d Earl, was a British philosopher, mathematician, and social reformer, b. Trelleck, Wales. Russell had a distinguished background: His grandfather Lord John Russell Russell introduced the Reform Bill of 183...
 
    Alfred Jarry, Concept of Pataphysics  
Alfred Jarry was a French symbolist writer best known for coining the term and philosophical concept of 'pataphysics. In his lifetime, though associated with the Symbolist movement, Jarry was best known for his play Ubu Roi (1896), which...
 
    Albert Schweitzer, Humanitarian  
Schweitzer has been called the greatest Christian of his time. He based his personal philosophy on a "reverence for life" and on a deep commitment to serve humanity through thought and action. For his many years of humanitarian efforts Schw...
 
    Morihei Ueshiba, Founder of Aikido  
Morihei Ueshiba was a famous martial artist and founder of the Japanese martial art of aikido. He is often referred to as Kaiso, meaning "founder", or Osensei, "Great Teacher". Ueshiba is remembered by his pupils as a master of the marti...
 
    Ludwig Wittgenstein, Philosopher of Logic  
Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein was an Austrian-British philosopher who worked primarily in logic, the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of language. From 1929–1947, Wittgenstein taught at the University...
 
    Heidegger, German Philosopher  
A student of Husserl, whom Heidegger succeeded as professor of philosophy at Freiburg, he was also influenced by Kierkegaard, Dilthey, and Nietzsche. Heidegger's major work, Being and Time (1927), analyzes the concepts of "care," "mood," an...
 
    Friedrich Hayek, Economist  
Friedrich August Hayek was an economist and philosopher best known for his defense of classical liberalism and free-market capitalism against socialist and collectivist thought. In 1974, Hayek shared the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sci...
 
    Karl Popper, Philosophy of Science  
The most important philosopher of science since Francis Bacon (1561-1626), Sir Karl Popper finally solved the puzzle of scientific method, which in practice had never seemed to conform to the principles or logic described by Bacon -- see Th...
 
    B. F. Skinner, Radical Behaviorism  
Burrhus Frederic Skinner was an American psychologist, author, inventor, social philosopher, and poet. He was the Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology at Harvard University from 1958 until his retirement in 1974. Skinner invented the operan...
 
    Jean-Paul Sartre, French Philosopher  
Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, political activist, biographer, and literary critic. He was one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialism and phenomenology, and one...
 
    Kurt Gödel, Incompleteness Theorems  
Kurt Friedrich Gödel was an Austrian American logician, mathematician, and philosopher. Later in his life he emigrated to the United States to escape the effects of World War II. One of the most significant logicians of all time, Gödel made...
 
    Simone de Beauvoir, French Philosopher and Feminist  
Simone de Beauvoir was a French writer, intellectual, existentialist philosopher, political activist, feminist and social theorist. Though she did not consider herself a philosopher, she had a significant influence on both feminist existent...
 
       
 
         
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