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    Solon, Founder of Democracy   Solon, Founder of Democracy
Solon was an Athenian statesman, lawmaker, and poet. He is remembered particularly for his efforts to legislate against political, economic, and moral decline in archaic Athens. His reforms failed in the short term, yet he is often credited with havi...
 
    Cleisthenes, Father of Democracy   Cleisthenes, Father of Democracy
Cleisthenes was a noble Athenian of the Alcmaeonid family. He is credited with reforming the constitution of ancient Athens and setting it on a democratic footing in 508/7 BC. For these accomplishments, historians refer to him as "the father of Athen...
 
    Themistocles, Athenian Leader   Themistocles, Athenian Leader
Themistocles (Greek: "Glory of the Law"), was an Athenian politician and general. He was one of a new breed of politicians who rose to prominence in the early years of the Athenian democracy, along with his great rival Aristides. As a politician, The...
 
    Pericles, Athenian Leader   Pericles, Athenian Leader
Pericles was an influential and important leader of Athens during the Athenian Golden Age (specifically, between the Persian and Peloponnesian wars). The period from 461 BC to 379 BC is sometimes known as "The Age of Pericles". He was responsible for...
 
    Isocrates, Greek Rhetorician   Isocrates, Greek Rhetorician
Isocrates, an ancient Greek rhetorician, was one of the ten Attic orators. In his time, he was probably the most influential rhetorician in Greece and made many contributions to rhetoric and education through his teaching and written works. Unlike...
 
    Demosthenes, Greatest Orator of Antiquity   Demosthenes, Greatest Orator of Antiquity
Demosthenes, Athenian politician, has always been regarded as the greatest orator of Antiquity, and it is not exaggerated to say that his death marked the end of Greek political speech. Many of his speeches have survived, because in the third century...
 
    Zeno of Citium, The Stoic   Zeno of Citium, The Stoic
Zeno of Citium (The Stoic) was a Hellenistic philosopher from Citium, Cyprus. Zeno was the son of a merchant and a student of Crates of Thebes, the most famous Cynic living at that time in Greece. Zeno was, himself, a merchant until the age of 42, wh...
 
    Cato the Elder, Roman Statesman and Author   Cato the Elder, Roman Statesman and Author
Marcus Porcius Cato was a Roman statesman, commonly referred to as Cato Censorius (the Censor), Cato Sapiens (the Wise), Cato Priscus (the Ancient), Cato Major, or Cato the Elder (to distinguish him from his great-grandson, Cato the Younger); known f...
 
    Sulla, Roman General   Sulla, Roman General
Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix or simply Sulla, was a Roman general and politician, holding the office of consul twice as well as the dictatorship. Sulla's dictatorship came during a high point in the struggle between optimates and populares, the forme...
 
    Cato the Younger, Roman Politician and Statesman   Cato the Younger, Roman Politician and Statesman
Cato the Younger (Cato Minor) to distinguish him from his great-grandfather (Cato the Elder), was a politician and statesman in the late Roman Republic, and a follower of the Stoic philosophy. A noted orator, he is remembered for his stubbornness and...
 
    Brutus, Assassin of Caesar   Brutus, Assassin of Caesar
Marcus Junius Brutus, often referred to simply as Brutus, was a politician of the late Roman Republic. He is best known in modern times for taking a leading role in the assassination conspiracy against Julius Caesar....
 
    The Domesday Book, Land Survey   The Domesday Book, Land Survey
The Domesday Book is a great land survey from 1086, commissioned by William the Conqueror to assess the extent of the land and resources being owned in England at the time, and the extent of the taxes he could raise. The information collected was rec...
 
    Magna Carta, Early Constitutional Law England   Magna Carta, Early Constitutional Law England
Magna Carta (Latin for "Great Charter", literally "Great Paper"), also called Magna Carta Libertatum, was an English charter originally issued in 1215. Magna Carta is the most significant early influence on the long historical process that led to the...
 
    Marsilius of Padua, Italian Scholar   Marsilius of Padua, Italian Scholar
Marsilius of Padua was an Italian scholar, trained in medicine who practiced a variety of professions. He was also an important 14th century political figure. His political treatise Defensor pacis is seen by some authorities as the most revolutionary...
 
    Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick   Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick
Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick KG, known as Warwick the Kingmaker, was an English nobleman, administrator, and military commander. The son of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, Warwick was the wealthiest and most powerful English peer of...
 
       
         



 
 
         
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