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20th Century

 
         
         
             
    Lucy, Australopithecus, Found 1974
  Lucy, Australopithecus, Found 1974
Lucy is the common name of AL 288-1, the 40% complete Australopithecus afarensis skeleton discovered on November 30, 1974 by the International Afar Research Expedition (IARE; director: Maurice Taieb, co-directors: Donald Johanson and Yves Coppens) in...
 
    Antikythera Mechanism, Astronomical Clock
  Antikythera Mechanism, Astronomical Clock
The Antikythera mechanism is an ancient mechanical computer designed to calculate astronomical positions. It was recovered in 1900Ė1901 from the Antikythera wreck. Its significance and complexity were not understood until decades later. Its time of c...
 
    Machu Picchu, Lost City of the Incas
  Machu Picchu, Lost City of the Incas
Machu Picchu is a pre-Columbian Inca site located 2,430 metres (8,000 ft) above sea level. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, which is 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Cuzco and through which the Urubamba River fl...
 
    Lord Kelvin, William Thomson
  Lord Kelvin, William Thomson
The Right Honourable William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, GCVO, OM, PC, PRS was a Scottish-Irish mathematical physicist and engineer, an outstanding leader in the physical sciences of the 19th century. Kelvin is known especially for his work on heat an...
 
    Jozef Israëls, Dutch Painter
  Jozef IsraŽls, Dutch Painter
Jozef Israëls was a Dutch painter, and "the most respected Dutch artist of the second half of the nineteenth century". He began with historical and dramatic subjects in the romantic style of the day. By chance, after an illness, he went to recruit hi...
 
    Marcellin Berthelot, French Chemist
  Marcellin Berthelot, French Chemist
Pierre Eugène Marcellin Berthelot was a French chemist and politician noted for the Thomsen-Berthelot principle of thermochemistry. He synthesized many organic compounds from inorganic substances and disproved the theory of vitalism[citation needed]....
 
    Jules Verne, Pioneer of Science Fiction
  Jules Verne, Pioneer of Science Fiction
Jules Verne, French writer and pioneer of science fiction, whose best known works today are Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea(1870) and Around the World in Eighty Days (1873). Jules Gabriel Verne was born on February 8, 1828, in Nantes, Fran...
 
    Leo Tolstoy, Russian Writer
  Leo Tolstoy, Russian Writer
Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy was a Russian writer who primarily wrote novels and short stories. Later in life, he also wrote plays and essays. His two most famous works, the novels War and Peace and Anna Karenina, are acknowledged as two of the greatest...
 
    Muybridge, Father of Motion Picture
  Muybridge, Father of Motion Picture
Eadweard Muybridge is often called the father of the motion picture because of his photographic studies of animal motion. He began his career as a landscape photographer, and always considered himself more an artist than a scientist, although he wel...
 
    Emperor Franz Josef, Austria-Hungary
  Emperor Franz Josef, Austria-Hungary
Franz Josef was born in 1830. At the age of eighteen he became Hapsburg Emperor and in 1867, ruler of Austria-Hungary. Over the next few years his army subdued revolts in Hungary and Lombardy. Franz Josef suffered several personal tragedies. His brot...
 
    Eduard Suess, Discovery Supercontinent
  Eduard Suess, Discovery Supercontinent
Eduard Suess was a geologist who was an expert on the geography of the Alps. He is responsible for discovering two of the Earth's major now-lost geographical features, the supercontinent Gondwana (proposed 1861) and the Tethys Ocean. Suess is cons...
 
    August Weismann, Evolutionary Biologist
  August Weismann, Evolutionary Biologist
Friedrich Leopold August Weismann was a German evolutionary biologist. Ernst Mayr ranked him the second most notable evolutionary theorist of the 19th century, after Charles Darwin. Weismann became the Director of the Zoological Institute and the fir...
 
    Ernst Haeckel, German Naturalist
  Ernst Haeckel, German Naturalist
Ernst Haeckel was an eminent German biologist, naturalist, philosopher, physician, professor and artist who discovered, described and named thousands of new species, mapped a genealogical tree relating all life forms, and coined many terms in biology...
 
    Dowager Cixi, Empress of China
  Dowager Cixi, Empress of China
The Dowager Empress Cixi popularly known in China as the Western Empress Dowager, and officially known posthumously as Empress Xiaoqin Xian, was a powerful and charismatic figure who was the de facto ruler of the Manchu Qing Dynasty, ruling over Chi...
 
    Leopold II of Belgium
  Leopold II of Belgium
Leopold Louis-Philippe Marie Victor of Saxe-Coburg, succeeded his father, Leopold I of Belgium, to the Belgian throne in 1865 as Leopold II, King of the Belgians and remained king until his death. Outside of Belgium, however, he is chiefly remembered...
 
 

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20th Century

 
         



 
 
         
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