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Enlightenment

 
         
         
             
    Francisco de Toledo, 5th Viceroy of Peru
  Francisco de Toledo, 5th Viceroy of Peru
Francisco Álvarez de Toledo, Count of Oropesa, was Spanish viceroy of Peru from November 26, 1569 to September 23, 1581. Toledo became the fifth viceroy of Peru in 1569. He was appointed viceroy by Philip II after serving as a steward in the royal co...
 
    Henry II, King of France
  Henry II, King of France
Henry II was King of France from 31 March 1547, until his death in 1559. Henry was born in the royal Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, near Paris, the son of Francis I and Claude, Duchess of Brittany (daughter of Louis XII of France and Anne, Duchess...
 
    Carolus Clusius, Botanist
  Carolus Clusius, Botanist
Carolus Clusius was a Flemish doctor and pioneering botanist, perhaps the most influential of all 16th century scientific horticulturists. In 1573 he was appointed prefect of the imperial medical garden in Vienna by Maximilian II and made Gentleman o...
 
    John Dee, Scientist
  John Dee, Scientist
John Dee was a noted British mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, geographer, and consultant to Queen Elizabeth I. He also devoted much of his life to alchemy, divination, and Hermetic philosophy. Dee straddled the worlds of science and magic. One...
 
    Anna van Egmont
  Anna van Egmont
Anna van Egmont was a wealthy Dutch heiress who became the first wife of William the Silent, Prince of Orange. As the only child of Maximiliaan van Egmond and Françoise de Lannoy, she was suo jure Countess of Buren and Lady of Egmond. She was also Co...
 
    Alessandro Valignano, Founder Jesuits China
  Alessandro Valignano, Founder Jesuits China
Alessandro Valignano was a Jesuit missionary born in Chieti, back then part of the Kingdom of Naples, who helped supervise the introduction of Catholicism to the Far East, and especially to Japan. Valignano founded the St. Paul's Jesuit college in Ma...
 
    Scaliger, Definition of Chronology
  Scaliger, Definition of Chronology
Joseph Justus Scaliger was considered to be the foremost scholar in sixteenth-century Europe, referred to as "the light of the world", "the sea of sciences" and similar epithets, and it is to him that we owe a "modern" definition of chronology, with...
 
    Tokugawa Ieyasu, Founder Tokugawa Japan
  Tokugawa Ieyasu, Founder Tokugawa Japan
Tokugawa Ieyasu was the founder and first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, which ruled from the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 until the Meiji Restoration in 1868. Ieyasu seized power in 1600, received appointment as shogun in 1603, abdicated...
 
    William Gilbert, Pioneer Electricity
  William Gilbert, Pioneer Electricity
William Gilbert, also known as Gilberd, was an English physician, physicist and natural philosopher. He was an early Copernican, and passionately rejected both the prevailing Aristotelian philosophy and the Scholastic method of university teaching. H...
 
    Tycho Brahe
  Tycho Brahe
Tycho Brahe was born in Skane, then in Denmark, now in Sweden. His contributions to astronomy were enormous. He not only designed and built instruments, he also calibrated them and checked their accuracy periodically. He thus revolutionized astronomi...
 
    Simon Stevin, Engineer
  Simon Stevin, Engineer
Born at Bruges in 1548; died at Leyden in 1620. He was for some years book-keeper in a business house at Antwerp; later he secured employment in the administration of the Franc of Bruges. After visiting Prussia, Poland, Sweden, and Norway he took up...
 
    Napier, Inventor of Logarithms
  Napier, Inventor of Logarithms
John Napier was a Scottish mathematician, physicist, astronomer & astrologer, and also the 8th Laird of Merchistoun. He was the son of Sir Archibald Napier of Merchiston. John Napier is most renowned as the discoverer of the logarithm. Napier is the...
 
    Matteo Ricci, Co-founder Jesuits China
  Matteo Ricci, Co-founder Jesuits China
Matteo Ricci was an Italian Jesuit priest, and one of the founding figures of the Jesuit China Mission, as it existed in the 17th-18th centuries. His current title is Servant of God. Ricci started learning theology and law in a Roman Jesuit school. H...
 
    Pope Paul V
  Pope Paul V
Pope Paul V, born Camillo Borghese, was Pope from 16 May 1605 until his death. In Rome the Pope financed the completion of St. Peter's Basilica, and improved the Vatican Library. He restored the Aqua Traiana, an ancient Roman Aqueduct (named after hi...
 
    Petrus Plancius, Dutch Cartographer
  Petrus Plancius, Dutch Cartographer
Petrus Plancius was a Dutch astronomer, cartographer and clergyman. He was soon recognized as an expert on the shipping routes to India. He strongly believed in the idea of a North East passage until the failure of Willem Barentsz's third voyage in 1...
 
 

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Enlightenment

 
         



 
 
         
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