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    Environmental History Timeline
  Environmental History Timeline
Following conversations with other environmental historians. Long before Silent Spring, centuries before Greenpeace activists defied whalers' harpoons, many thousands of "green crusaders" tried to stop pollution, promote public health and preserve wi...
 
    A brief history of Opium
  A brief history of Opium
Opium teaches only one thing, which is that aside from physical suffering, there is nothing real: André Malraux. The opium poppy is cultivated in lower Mesopotamia. The Sumerians refer to it as Hul Gil, the 'joy plant.' The Sumerians would soon pass...
 
    Aesop, Greek Poet
  Aesop, Greek Poet
Aesop is famous for his fables: short tales which illustrated truths about life and human nature. Most of his fables feature familiar animals, including "The Grasshopper and the Ant" and "The Tortoise and the Hare." Little is known about the true lif...
 
    Spartacus, Gladiatorial War
  Spartacus, Gladiatorial War
Spartacus was the leader in the Gladiatorial War against Rome (73-71BC). A Thracian, he served in the Roman army. He became a bandit and was sold as a slave when caught. He escaped a gladiatorial school, where he had plotted a revolt with other gladi...
 
    Theodora, Wife Justinian I
  Theodora, Wife Justinian I
Theodora was empress of the Byzantine Empire and the wife of Emperor Justinian I. Like her husband, she is a saint in the Orthodox Church, commemorated on the 14th of November. Theodora was perhaps the most influential and powerful woman in the Byzan...
 
    Elizabeth of Hungary, Saint
  Elizabeth of Hungary, Saint
Saint Elizabeth of Hungary was a princess of the Kingdom of Hungary, Countess of Thuringia, Germany and a greatly-venerated Catholic saint. Elizabeth was married at the age of 14, and widowed at 20. She then became one of the first members of the new...
 
    Johannes Ockeghem, Composer
  Johannes Ockeghem, Composer
Johannes Ockeghem was the leading composer of the second generation of the Netherlandish school. Ockeghem is often considered the most important composer between Dufay and Josquin Des Prez. Recent research has shown that Ockeghem was born in the town...
 
    Pedrarias Dávila, Founded Panama City
  Pedrarias Dávila, Founded Panama City
Pedrarias Dávila (Pedro Arias de Ávila) y Ortiz de Cota, was a Spanish colonial administrator. He led the first great Spanish expedition in the New World. In 1519 he founded Panama City and moved his capital there in 1524. Moreover, he was a party...
 
    Slavery and Religion in America
  Slavery and Religion in America
The years 1450-1750 brought enormous changes to the North American continent. The native Americans, or Indians, as the Europeans came to call them, first encountered European explorers, and before long, saw their world transformed and largely destroy...
 
    Dias, 1st to round the Cape - 1488
  Dias, 1st to round the Cape - 1488
Bartolomeu Dias was a Portuguese navigator. He was the first European to round (1488) the Cape of Good Hope, which he called Cabo Tormentoso [cape of storms]. That voyage opened the road to India. Dias accompanied Cabral on the voyage that resulted i...
 
    Isabella, Queen of Spain
  Isabella, Queen of Spain
Isabella I was Queen of Castile and León. She and her husband Ferdinand II of Aragon brought stability to both kingdoms that became the basis for the unification of Spain. Later the two laid the foundations for the political unification of Spain unde...
 
    Columbus, Discovers America - 1492
  Columbus, Discovers America - 1492
Christopher Columbus was an explorer, colonizer, and navigator, born in the Republic of Genoa, in northwestern Italy. Under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean that led to general Europe...
 
    Ferdinand II, King of Aragón
  Ferdinand II, King of Aragón
Ferdinand II or Ferdinand the Catholic, 1452–1516, king of Aragón (1479–1516), king of Castile and León (as Ferdinand V, 1474–1504), king of Sicily (1468–1516), and king of Naples (1504–16). His father, John II of Aragón, gave him Sicily during his l...
 
    Peter Martyr d'Anghiera, Historian
  Peter Martyr d'Anghiera, Historian
Peter Martyr d'Anghiera was an Italian-born historian of Spain and its discoveries during the Age of Exploration. He wrote the first accounts of explorations in Central and South America in a series of letters and reports, grouped in the original Lat...
 
    Juan Ponce de León, Conquistador
  Juan Ponce de León, Conquistador
Juan Ponce de León was a Spanish conquistador. He was born in Santervás de Campos (Valladolid). As a young man he joined the war to conquer Granada, the last Moorish state on the Iberian peninsula. Ponce de León accompanied Christopher Columbus on hi...
 
         
         


 
 
         
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