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France

 
         
         
             
    Chandragupta, Founder Mauryan Empire
  Chandragupta, Founder Mauryan Empire
Chandragupta Maurya was the founder of the Mauryan Empire and the first emperor to unify India into one state. He ruled from 322 BC until his voluntary retirement and abdication in favour of his son Bindusara in 298 BC. Chandragupta Maurya is a pi...
 
    Julius Caesar
  Julius Caesar
Gaius Julius Caesar is remembered as one of history's greatest generals and a key ruler of the Roman empire. As a young man he rose through the administrative ranks of the Roman republic, accumulating power until he was elected consul in 59 B.C. Over...
 
    Vercingetorix, Gallic Warrior defied Rome
  Vercingetorix, Gallic Warrior defied Rome
Vercingetorix was the chieftain of the Arverni tribe known as the man who united the Gauls in an ultimately unsuccessful revolt against Roman forces during the last phase of Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars. Vercingetorix came to power in 52 BC, when he r...
 
    Germanicus, Defeated Arminius - AD 16
  Germanicus, Defeated Arminius - AD 16
Germanicus was a successful and popular Roman general who avenged the defeat sustained by Varus in ad 9, defeating Arminius (Hermann) at Idistaviso on the Weser in ad 16, but was recalled for failing to exploit his success. On his return to Rome in a...
 
 
316 - 397
  Saint Martin of Tours
  Saint Martin of Tours
Martin of Tours was a Bishop of Tours whose shrine became a famous stopping-point for pilgrims on the road to Santiago de Compostela. Around his name much legendary material accrued and he has become one of the most familiar and recognizable Christia...
 
 
466 - 511
  Clovis, 1st King of the Franks
  Clovis, 1st King of the Franks
Clovis or Chlodowech was the first King of the Franks to unite all the Frankish tribes under one ruler, changing the leadership from a group of royal chieftains, to rule by kings, ensuring that the kingship was held by his heirs. He was also the firs...
 
 
485 - 534
  Theuderic I, Merovingian King of Metz
  Theuderic I, Merovingian King of Metz
Theuderic I was the Merovingian king of Metz, Rheims, or Austrasia — as it is variously called—from 511 to 533 or 534. He was the son of Clovis I and one of his earlier wives or concubines. He inherited Metz in 511 at his father's death. In accordanc...
 
 
538 - 594
  St. Gregory of Tours, Historia Francorum
  St. Gregory of Tours, Historia Francorum
Saint Gregory of Tours was a Gallo-Roman historian and Bishop of Tours, which made him a leading prelate of Gaul. He was born Georgius Florentius, later adding the name Gregorius in honour of his maternal great-grandfather. He wrote in form of late V...
 
 
603 - 639
  Dagobert I, King of the Franks
  Dagobert I, King of the Franks
Dagobert I was the king of Austrasia (623–634), king of all the Franks (629–634), and king of Neustria and Burgundy (629–639). He was the last king of the Merovingian dynasty to wield any real royal power. Dagobert was the first of the Frankish kings...
 
 
686 - 741
  Charles Martel, The Hammer
  Charles Martel, The Hammer
Charles Martel also known as Charles the Hammer, was a Frankish military and political leader, who served as Mayor of the Palace under the Merovingian kings and ruled de facto during an interregnum (737–43) at the end of his life, using the title Duk...
 
 
714 - 768
  Pepin the Short, Father of Charlemagne
  Pepin the Short, Father of Charlemagne
Pepin the Short (or Pepin the Younger or Pepin III), was the King of the Franks from 751 to 768 and is best known for being the father of Charlemagne, or Charles the Great. He was born in 714 in Jupille, close to the city of Liège, in what is today B...
 
    Battle of Tours, Turning Point Islam
  Battle of Tours, Turning Point Islam
The Battle of Tours, often called Battle of Poitiers, was fought near the city of Tours, close to the border between the Frankish realm and the independent region of Aquitaine. The battle pitted Frankish and Burgundian forces under Austrasian Mayor o...
 
 
742 - 814
  Charlemagne, Charles I the Great
  Charlemagne, Charles I the Great
Charlemagne, meaning Charles the Great, was King of the Franks from 768 and Emperor of the Romans (Imperator Romanorum) from 800 to his death in 814. He expanded the Frankish kingdom into an empire that incorporated much of Western and Central Europe...
 
    Roland, Charlemagne's Commander
  Roland, Charlemagne's Commander
Roland, the great French hero of the medieval Charlemagne cycle of chansons de geste, immortalized in the Chanson de Roland (11th or 12th cent.). Existence of an early Roland poem is indicated by the historian Wace's statement that Taillefer sang of...
 
    Treaty of Verdun, End Empire Charlemagne
  Treaty of Verdun, End Empire Charlemagne
Verdun, Treaty of, the partition of Charlemagne's empire among three sons of Louis I, emperor of the West. Louis the German received the eastern portion (later Germany); Charles II (Charles the Bald) became king of the western portion (later France);...
 
 

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