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    Xerxes I, Persian King   Xerxes I, Persian King
Persian king (486 465 BC) of the Achaemenian dynasty. The son of Darius I, he had been governor of Babylon before his succession. He ferociously suppressed rebellions in Egypt (484) and Babylonia (482). To avenge Darius's defeat by the Greeks a...
 
    Socrates, Greek Philosopher   Socrates, Greek Philosopher
Socrates was a classical Greek Athenian philosopher. Credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, he is an enigmatic figure known chiefly through the accounts of later classical writers, especially the writings of his students Plato and Xen...
 
    Philip II of Macedon   Philip II of Macedon
Philip II of Macedon was a Greek king of Macedon from 359 BC until his assassination in 336 BC. He was the father of Alexander the Great and Philip III. In 340 BC, Philip started the siege of Perinthus. Philip began another siege in 339 of the city o...
 
    Archimedes of Syracuse, Eureka!   Archimedes of Syracuse, Eureka!
One of the most original thinkers of Antiquity was Archimedes of Syracuse. Because our approach to physics is based upon a model that was developed by this scientist, we immediately recognize him as 'on of us'. And indeed: he did all kinds of experim...
 
    Pompey, Rival of Julius Caesar   Pompey, Rival of Julius Caesar
Pompey (the Great), was a distinguished and ambitious Roman military leader, provincial administrator and politician of the 1st century BC, the period of the Late Republic. Hailing from an Italian provincial background, Pompey first distinguished him...
 
    Cicero, Roman Philosopher   Cicero, Roman Philosopher
Marcus Tullius Cicero was a Roman philosopher, politician, lawyer, orator, political theorist, consul and constitutionalist. He came from a wealthy municipal family of the Roman equestrian order, and is widely considered one of Rome's greatest orator...
 
    Julius Caesar, Rise of the Roman Empire   Julius Caesar, Rise of the Roman Empire
Gaius Julius Caesar is remembered as one of history's greatest generals and a key ruler of the Roman empire. As a young man he rose through the administrative ranks of the Roman republic, accumulating power until he was elected consul in 59 B.C. Over...
 
    Claudius, 4th Roman Emperor   Claudius, 4th Roman Emperor
Claudius was Roman emperor from 41 to 54. A member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, he was the son of Drusus and Antonia Minor. He was born at Lugdunum in Gaul, the first Roman Emperor to be born outside Italy. Because he was afflicted with a limp and...
 
 
5 BC - 30
  Jesus Christ, of Nazareth   Jesus Christ, of Nazareth
Jesus (64 BC to 3033 AD), also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus of Galilee, is the central figure of Christianity, whom the teachings of most Christian denominations hold to be the Son of God. Christianity regards Jesus as the awaited Mes...
 
 
5 BC - 33
  John the Baptist, Forerunner of Jesus   John the Baptist, Forerunner of Jesus
John the Baptist was an itinerant preacher and a major religious figure in Christianity, Islam (known as Yahya ibn Zakariyya), the Bahá'í Faith, and Mandaeism. John is described as having the unique practice of baptism for the forgiveness of sins....
 
 
5 BC - 64
  Saint Peter, Prince of the Apostles   Saint Peter, Prince of the Apostles
Saint Peter (died c. 64 AD), also known as Simon Peter, according to the New Testament, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, leaders of the early Christian Church. The Roman Catholic Church considers him to be the first pope, ordained by J...
 
 
5 BC - 67
  Saint Paul, The Apostle   Saint Paul, The Apostle
Paul the Apostle, original name Saul of Tarsus, was an apostle (though not one of the Twelve Apostles) who taught the gospel of Christ to the first-century world. He is generally considered one of the most important figures of the Apostolic Age. In t...
 
 
3 BC - 69
  Galba, 6th Roman Emperor   Galba, 6th Roman Emperor
Servius Sulpicius Galba, also called, was Roman Emperor from June 8, 68 until his death. He was the first emperor of the Year of the Four Emperors. Galba's primary concern during his brief reign was in restoring state finances, and to this end he...
 
 
12 - 41
  Caligula, 3rd Roman Emperor   Caligula, 3rd Roman Emperor
Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus, more commonly known by his nickname Caligula, was the 3rd Roman Emperor who reigned from 16 March 37 until his assassination on 24 January 41. Caligula was a member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty which descende...
 
 
161 - 192
  Commodus, 18th Roman Emperor   Commodus, 18th Roman Emperor
Commodus was Roman Emperor from 180 to 192. He also ruled as co-emperor with his father Marcus Aurelius from 177 until his father's death in 180. His name changed throughout his reign; see changes of name for earlier and later forms. His accession as...
 
       
         



 
 
         
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