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    Antarctica   Antarctica
Speculation over the existence of a "southern land" was not confirmed until the early 1820s when British and American commercial operators and British and Russian national expeditions began exploring the Antarctic Peninsula region and other areas sou...
 
    Zheng He, the Chinese Admiral   Zheng He, the Chinese Admiral
In 1405, Zheng was chosen to lead the biggest naval expedition in history up to that time. Over the next 28 years (1405-1433), he commanded seven fleets that visited 37 countries, through Southeast Asia to faraway Africa and Arabia. In those years, C...
 
    Willem Barentsz, Dutch navigator   Willem Barentsz, Dutch navigator
Willem Barentz or Barents, made three voyages (1594, 1595, 1596–97) in search of the Northeast Passage to Asia. He reached Novaya Zemlya on the first two expeditions. On the third he accidentally discovered Spitsbergen, rounded the north point of Nov...
 
    Jacob van Heemskerk, Admiral   Jacob van Heemskerk, Admiral
Jacob van Heemskerk was a Dutch explorer and later admiral commanding the Dutch fleet at the Battle of Gibraltar. Van Heemskerk's early fame arose from an attempts to discover an Arctic passage from Europe to China. Two vessels sailed from Amsterdam...
 
    Mikhail Lomonosov, Russian Polymath   Mikhail Lomonosov, Russian Polymath
Mikhail Lomonosov was a Russian polymath, scientist and writer, who made important contributions to literature, education, and science. Among his discoveries was the atmosphere of Venus. His spheres of science were natural science, chemistry, physics...
 
    Olaudah Equiano, Abolition Slave Trade   Olaudah Equiano, Abolition Slave Trade
Olaudah Equiano also known as Gustavus Vassa, was one of the most prominent Africans involved in the British movement of the abolition for the slave trade. His autobiography depicted the horrors of slavery and helped influence British lawmakers to ab...
 
    John Franklin, Lost Expedition   John Franklin, Lost Expedition
Rear-Admiral Sir John Franklin KCH FRGS RN was a British Royal Navy officer and Arctic explorer. Franklin also served as governor of Tasmania for several years. In his last expedition, he disappeared while attempting to chart and navigate a section o...
 
    Jules Dumont d'Urville, French Explorer   Jules Dumont d'Urville, French Explorer
Jules Sébastien César Dumont d'Urville was a French explorer, naval officer and rear admiral, who explored the south and western Pacific, Australia, New Zealand and Antarctica. In honour of his many valuable chartings, the D'Urville Sea off Antarc...
 
    John Rae, Explored Northern Canada   John Rae, Explored Northern Canada
John Rae was a Scottish doctor who explored Northern Canada, surveyed parts of the Northwest Passage and reported the fate of the Franklin Expedition. Rae was born at the Hall of Clestrain in the parish of Orphir in Orkney. After studying medicin...
 
    Nordenskiöld, Crossing Northeast Passage   Nordenskiöld, Crossing Northeast Passage
Baron (Nils) Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld also known as A. E. Nordenskioeld was a Finnish-Swede geologist, mineralogist and arctic explorer, and a member of the prominent Finland-Swedish Nordenskiöld family of scientists. Born in the Grand Duchy of Finlan...
 
    Salomon Andrée, Polar Explorer   Salomon Andrée, Polar Explorer
Salomon August Andrée, during his lifetime most often known as S. A. Andrée, was a Swedish engineer, physicist, aeronaut and polar explorer who died while leading an attempt to reach the Geographic North Pole by hydrogen balloon. The balloon expediti...
 
    Adrien de Gerlache, Antarctica 1897-99   Adrien de Gerlache, Antarctica 1897-99
Adrien de Gerlache, Belgian naval officer and explorer. Sailing with Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen who would later be the first to reach the South Pole, Gerlache led a scientific expedition to Antarctica in 1897–99. During the expedition his ship...
 
    Henson, 1st on the North Pole - 1909   Henson, 1st on the North Pole - 1909
Matthew Alexander Henson was an American explorer and associate of Robert Peary during various expeditions, the most famous being a 1909 expedition which claimed to be the first to reach the Geographic North Pole. Henson met Commander Robert E. Pe...
 
    Robert Falcon Scott, Polar Explorer   Robert Falcon Scott, Polar Explorer
"Scott of the Antarctic" is the most famous of all the Polar explorers. He is best known for his legendary and fatal attempt to be the first to reach the South Pole. His team succeeded in reaching the pole, though did so a month after the Norwegian A...
 
    Roald Amundsen, 1st on the South Pole   Roald Amundsen, 1st on the South Pole
Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen was a Norwegian explorer of polar regions. He led the Antarctic expedition of 1910–1912 which was the first to reach the South Pole. They arrived at the South Pole on 14 December 1911, 35 days before Scott. Amundsen...
 
       
         



 
 
         
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