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Timeline

   

17th Century

 
         
         
             
    Ignatius of Loyola, Founder Jesuits
  Ignatius of Loyola, Founder Jesuits
Saint Ignatius of Loyola, also known as Ignacio López de Loyola, was the principal founder and first Superior General of the Society of Jesus, a religious order of the Catholic Church professing direct service to the Pope in terms of mission. Members...
 
    REFORMATION
  REFORMATION
The Protestant Reformation was the schism within Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther, John Calvin, and other early Protestants. Although there had been significant attempts at reform before Luther (notably those of John Wycliffe and Jan H...
 
    Reformation Iconoclasm, Europe
  Reformation Iconoclasm, Europe
Some of the Protestant reformers, in particular Andreas Karlstadt, Huldrych Zwingli and John Calvin, encouraged the removal of religious images by invoking the Decalogue's prohibition of idolatry and the manufacture of graven images of God. As a res...
 
    Carolus Clusius, Botanist
  Carolus Clusius, Botanist
Carolus Clusius was a Flemish doctor and pioneering botanist, perhaps the most influential of all 16th century scientific horticulturists. In 1573 he was appointed prefect of the imperial medical garden in Vienna by Maximilian II and made Gentleman o...
 
    John Hawkins, Naval Commander
  John Hawkins, Naval Commander
Admiral Sir John Hawkins was an English shipbuilder, naval administrator and commander, merchant, navigator, and slave trader. As treasurer (1577) and controller (1589) of the Royal Navy, he rebuilt older ships and helped design the faster ships that...
 
    Elizabeth I, Queen of England
  Elizabeth I, Queen of England
Elizabeth I was born in 1533 to Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. Although she entertained many marriage proposals and flirted incessantly, she never married or had children. Elizabeth, the last of the Tudors, died at seventy years of age after a very succ...
 
    Pope Clement VIII, Aldobrandini
  Pope Clement VIII, Aldobrandini
Pope Clement VIII, born Ippolito Aldobrandini, was Pope from 30 January 1592 to 3 March 1605.The Aldobrandini are an Italian noble family from Florence, with close ties to the Vatican. Its Roman fortunes were made when Ippolito Aldobrandini became po...
 
    John VI, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg
  John VI, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg
Count John VI of Nassau-Dillenburg was a Count of Nassau in Dillenburg. Other names he had were Jan VI or Jan de Oude ("John the Elder", to distinguish him from his 2nd son, "John the Middle", and his grandson "John the Younger"). John VI was second...
 
    Alessandro Valignano, Founder Jesuits China
  Alessandro Valignano, Founder Jesuits China
Alessandro Valignano was a Jesuit missionary born in Chieti, back then part of the Kingdom of Naples, who helped supervise the introduction of Catholicism to the Far East, and especially to Japan. Valignano founded the St. Paul's Jesuit college in Ma...
 
    William Gilbert, Pioneer Electricity
  William Gilbert, Pioneer Electricity
William Gilbert, also known as Gilberd, was an English physician, physicist and natural philosopher. He was an early Copernican, and passionately rejected both the prevailing Aristotelian philosophy and the Scholastic method of university teaching. H...
 
    Miguel de Cervantes, Creator Don Quixote
  Miguel de Cervantes, Creator Don Quixote
Miguel de Cervantes was a Spanish novelist, poet, and playwright. His magnum opus Don Quixote, considered the first modern novel, is a classic of Western literature, and is regarded amongst the best works of fiction ever written. His influence on the...
 
    Vincenzo Scamozzi, Architect
  Vincenzo Scamozzi, Architect
Vincenzo Scamozzi was a Venetian architect and a writer on architecture, active mainly in Vicenza and Republic of Venice area in the second half of the 16th century. He was perhaps the most important figure there between Andrea Palladio, whose unfin...
 
    Napier, Inventor of Logarithms
  Napier, Inventor of Logarithms
John Napier was a Scottish mathematician, physicist, astronomer & astrologer, and also the 8th Laird of Merchistoun. He was the son of Sir Archibald Napier of Merchiston. John Napier is most renowned as the discoverer of the logarithm. Napier is the...
 
    Matteo Ricci, Co-founder Jesuits China
  Matteo Ricci, Co-founder Jesuits China
Matteo Ricci was an Italian Jesuit priest, and one of the founding figures of the Jesuit China Mission, as it existed in the 17th-18th centuries. His current title is Servant of God. Ricci started learning theology and law in a Roman Jesuit school. H...
 
    Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor
  Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor
Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor as Rudolf II (1576-1612), King of Hungary as Rudolf (1572-1608), King of Bohemia as Rudolf II (1575-1608/1611) and Archduke of Austria as Rudolf V (1576-1608). He was a member of the Habsburg family. Rudolf's legacy has...
 
 

Timeline

   

17th Century

 
         



 
 
         
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