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    Africa   Africa
Africa is the world's second-largest and second most populous continent, after Asia. At about 30 million km² including its adjacent islands, it covers 5.9% of the Earth's total surface area, and 20.3% of the total land area. With over 840 million peo...
 
    Lucy, Australopithecus, Found 1974   Lucy, Australopithecus, Found 1974
Lucy is the common name of AL 288-1, the 40% complete Australopithecus afarensis skeleton discovered on November 30, 1974 by the International Afar Research Expedition (IARE; director: Maurice Taieb, co-directors: Donald Johanson and Yves Coppens) in...
 
    Ishango Bone, Mathematical Tool - 1960   Ishango Bone, Mathematical Tool - 1960
The Ishango bone is a bone tool, dated to the Upper Paleolithic era, about 18000 to 20000 BC. It is a dark brown length of bone, the fibula of a baboon, with a sharp piece of quartz affixed to one end, perhaps for engraving or writing. It was first t...
 
    Egyptian Hieroglyphs   Egyptian Hieroglyphs
Egyptian hieroglyphs was a formal writing system used by the ancient Egyptians that contained a combination of logographic and alphabetic elements. Egyptians used cursive hieroglyphs for religious literature on papyrus and wood. Less formal variatio...
 
    Narmer, 1st King of all Egypt   Narmer, 1st King of all Egypt
Narmer was an Egyptian Pharaoh who ruled in the 31st century BC. Thought to be the successor to the predynastic Scorpion and/or Ka, he is considered by some to be the founder of the First dynasty, and therefore the first king of all Egypt. There is a...
 
    The First Pyramids Built   The First Pyramids Built
The first pyramid was the Step Pyramid at Saqqara, built for King Zoser in 2750 BC. This first application of large scale technology, however, is often attributed to Imhotep, the architect of the Step Pyramid. He was not a pharaoh, but was the Direct...
 
    Pharaoh Djoser, Build 1st pyramid   Pharaoh Djoser, Build 1st pyramid
Netjerikhet or Djoser is the best-known pharaoh of the Third dynasty of Egypt. He commissioned his official, Imhotep (ca. 2650-2600 BC), to build the first of the pyramids, a step pyramid for him at Saqqara. Though there is significant controversy ab...
 
    Imhotep, Architect Pyramid of Djoser   Imhotep, Architect Pyramid of Djoser
Imhotep (meaning "the one who comes in, with peace") was an Egyptian polymath, who served under the Third Dynasty king, Djoser, as chancellor to the pharaoh and high priest of the sun god Ra at Heliopolis. He is considered to be the first engineer, a...
 
    Pharaoh Khufu, Pyramid of Cheops, Giza   Pharaoh Khufu, Pyramid of Cheops, Giza
Khufu (in Greek known as Cheops) was a Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt's Old Kingdom. He reigned from around 2589 to 2566 B.C. Khufu was the second pharaoh of the Fourth Dynasty. He is generally accepted as being the builder of the Great Pyramid of Giza, on...
 
    Mentuhotep II, 1st Ruler Middle Kingdom   Mentuhotep II, 1st Ruler Middle Kingdom
Mentuhotep II, First Ruler of the Middle Kingdom. His throne name was most certainly Neb-hetep-re, meaning "Pleased is the Lord Re", though we also find it spelled Nebhepetra. But this is not his common, or birth name, and here we run into problems....
 
    Senusret III, Pharaoh 12th Dynasty   Senusret III, Pharaoh 12th Dynasty
Khakhaure Senusret III was a pharaoh of Egypt. He ruled from 1878 BC to 1839 BC, and was the fifth monarch of the Twelfth Dynasty of the Middle Kingdom. Among his achievements was the building of the Canal of the Pharaohs. He was a great pharaoh of t...
 
    Hatshepsut, Foremost of Noble Ladies   Hatshepsut, Foremost of Noble Ladies
Hatshepsut, meaning Foremost of Noble Ladies, was the fifth pharaoh of the eighteenth dynasty of Ancient Egypt. She is generally regarded by Egyptologists as one of the most successful pharaohs, reigning longer than any other woman of an indigenous E...
 
    Thutmose III, Napoleon of Egypt   Thutmose III, Napoleon of Egypt
Thutmose III was the sixth Pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty. During the first twenty-two years of Thutmose's reign he was co-regent with his aunt, Hatshepsut, who was named the pharaoh. While she is shown first on surviving monuments, both were assi...
 
    Akhenaten, Pharaoh 18th Dynasty   Akhenaten, Pharaoh 18th Dynasty
Akhenaten, meaning "living spirit of Aten", was known before the fifth year of his reign as Amenhotep IV (sometimes given its Greek form, Amenophis IV, and meaning Amun is Satisfied), a Pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt, ruled for 17 years a...
 
    Nefertiti, Queen of Egypt   Nefertiti, Queen of Egypt
Queen Nefertiti is perhaps better known than her husband, the heretic king Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV). It is said that even in the ancient world, her beauty was famous, and her famous statue, found in a sculptor's workshop, is not only one of the most...
 
       
         



 
 
         
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