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Humanists

 
         
         
             
    Petrarch, Poet   Petrarch, Poet
Petrarch (Francesco Petrarca), Italian scholar, poet, and humanist, a major force in the development of the Renaissance, famous for his poems addressed to Laura, an idealized beloved whom he met in 1327 and who died in 1348. Attempts have been made...
 
    Giovanni Boccaccio   Giovanni Boccaccio
Giovanni Boccaccio was a Italian author and poet, the greatest of Petrarch's disciples, an important Renaissance humanist in his own right and author of a number of notable works including On Famous Women, the Decameron and his poems in the vernacula...
 
    Leon Battista Alberti, Humanist Polymath   Leon Battista Alberti, Humanist Polymath
Leon Battista Alberti was an Italian author, artist, architect, poet, priest, linguist, philosopher, cryptographer and general Renaissance humanist polymath. Although he is often characterized as an "architect" exclusively, as James Beck has observed...
 
    Regiomontanus, Astronomer / Mathematician   Regiomontanus, Astronomer / Mathematician
Regiomontanus, real name Johannes Müller, a mathematician and astronomer, was a priest who studied in Vienna and in Rome, acquiring in addition to mathematical skills a knowledge of Greek, an unusual accomplishment at that time. In 1471, with the sup...
 
    Aldus Manutius, Founder Aldine Press   Aldus Manutius, Founder Aldine Press
Aldus Pius Manutius, the Latinised name of Aldo Manuzio —sometimes called Aldus Manutius, the Elder to distinguish him from his grandson, Aldus Manutius, the Younger—was an Italian humanist who became a printer and publisher when he founded the Aldin...
 
    Peter Martyr d'Anghiera, Historian   Peter Martyr d'Anghiera, Historian
Peter Martyr d'Anghiera was an Italian-born historian of Spain and its discoveries during the Age of Exploration. He wrote the first accounts of explorations in Central and South America in a series of letters and reports, grouped in the original Lat...
 
    Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Philosopher   Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Philosopher
Count Giovanni Pico della Mirandola was an Italian Renaissance philosopher. He is famed for the events of 1486, when at the age of 23, he proposed to defend 900 theses on religion, philosophy, natural philosophy and magic against all comers, for whic...
 
    Gattinara, Chancellor of Charles V   Gattinara, Chancellor of Charles V
Mercurino Arborio marchese di Gattinara was an Italian statesman and jurist. Gattinara was a Christian, humanist, imperialist, and conservationist. He was made a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church in 1529. Gattinara initially served as the legal a...
 
    Desiderius Erasmus, Humanist   Desiderius Erasmus, Humanist
Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam was a Dutch humanist and theologian. Erasmus was a classical scholar who wrote in a "pure" Latin style. Although Erasmus remained a Roman Catholic throughout his lifetime, he harshly criticised what he considered exces...
 
    Bartolomé de Las Casas, Missionary   Bartolomé de Las Casas, Missionary
Bartolomé de Las Casas, Spanish missionary and historian, called the apostle of the Indies. He went to Hispaniola with his father in 1502, and eight years later he was ordained a priest. In 1514 he began to work for the improvement of conditions amon...
 
    Sir Thomas More, Author Utopia   Sir Thomas More, Author Utopia
Sir Thomas More, known to Catholics as Saint Thomas More since 1935, was an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman, and noted Renaissance humanist. He was an important councillor to Henry VIII of England and was Lord Chancellor from Oc...
 
    Ulrich Zwingli, Reformer   Ulrich Zwingli, Reformer
Ulrich Zwingli was a leader of the Swiss Reformation. While Germany struggled under the political and religious consequences of Luther's reform movement, the movement itself quickly spilled out of the German borders into neighboring Switzerland. At t...
 
    Rabelais, Writer Gargantua & Pantagruel   Rabelais, Writer Gargantua & Pantagruel
François Rabelais, French writer, priest, humanist, doctor. His fame rests on the five comic novels (one of doubtful authenticity) known collectively as Gargantua and Pantagruel, including the masterpieces Pantagruel (1532) and Gargantua (1534) as we...
 
    De Soto, Discovered the Mississippi River   De Soto, Discovered the Mississippi River
Hernando de Soto was a Spanish explorer and conquistador who, while leading the first European expedition deep into the territory of the modern-day United States, was the first European documented to have crossed the Mississippi River. De Soto sai...
 
    Bernardino de Sahagún, Missionary   Bernardino de Sahagún, Missionary
Bernardino de Sahagún was a Franciscan friar, missionary priest and pioneering ethnographer who participated in the Catholic evangelization of colonial New Spain (now Mexico). Born in Sahagún, Spain, in 1499, he journeyed to New Spain in 1529, and sp...
 
     

Humanists

 
         



 
 
         
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