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    Reformation Iconoclasm, Europe   Reformation Iconoclasm, Europe
Some of the Protestant reformers, in particular Andreas Karlstadt, Huldrych Zwingli and John Calvin, encouraged the removal of religious images by invoking the Decalogue's prohibition of idolatry and the manufacture of graven images of God. As a res...
 
    German Peasants' War   German Peasants' War
The German Peasants' War or Great Peasants' Revolt (German: Deutscher Bauernkrieg) was a widespread popular revolt in the German-speaking areas of Central Europe, 1524–1525. It failed because of the intense opposition of the aristocracy, who slaughte...
 
    On the Revolutions of Heavenly Spheres   On the Revolutions of Heavenly Spheres
Nicolaus Copernicus: The Ptolemaic system of the universe, with the earth at the center, had held sway since antiquity as authoritative in philosophy, science, and church teaching. Following his precise observations of the heavenly bodies, Nicolaus C...
 
    The Eighty Years' War, Dutch Revolt   The Eighty Years' War, Dutch Revolt
In Dutch language, the Dutch Revolt is referred to as the Tachtigjarige Oorlog (80 Years' War). While the Revolt, as a countrywide movement, only broke out in 1579, it has local predecessors which reach back until 1566. The preconditions leading to t...
 
    Pasquale di Paoli, Corsican Leader   Pasquale di Paoli, Corsican Leader
Filippo Antonio Pasquale di Paoli, was a Corsican patriot and leader, the president of the Executive Council of the General Diet of the People of Corsica. Paoli designed and wrote the Constitution of this first democratic republic of the modern age...
 
    Túpac Amaru II, Peruvian Revolutionary   Túpac Amaru II, Peruvian Revolutionary
Túpac Amaru II (executed in Cuzco May 18, 1781) was a leader of an indigenous uprising in 1780 against the Spanish in Peru. Although unsuccessful , he later became a mythical figure in the Peruvian struggle for independence and indigenous rights move...
 
    Toussaint Louverture, Haiti Revolution 1797   Toussaint Louverture, Haiti Revolution 1797
François-Dominique Toussaint Louverture, also Toussaint Bréda, was a leader of the Haitian Revolution. Born in Saint-Domingue, in a long struggle for independence Toussaint led enslaved Africans and Afro-Haitians to victory over French colonisers, ab...
 
    Boston Tea Party   Boston Tea Party
The Boston Tea Party was a direct action by colonists in Boston, a town in the British colony of Massachusetts, against the British government and the monopolistic East India Company that controlled all the tea coming into the colonies. On December 1...
 
    The American Revolutionary War   The American Revolutionary War
The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) or American War of Independence, or simply Revolutionary War, began as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen British colonies in North America, and ended in a global war between several Eur...
 
    Declaration of Independence, 4th of July   Declaration of Independence, 4th of July
The Declaration of Independence has been described as the most important document in human history. Here, in the memorable language of the famous preamble, a hundred and ten words fatally undermined the political basis of the old order and proclaimed...
 
    Storming of the Bastille, 14th of July   Storming of the Bastille, 14th of July
The Storming of the Bastille in Paris occurred on 14 July 1789. While the medieval fortress and prison known as the Bastille contained only seven prisoners, its fall was the flashpoint of the French Revolution and it subsequently become an icon of th...
 
    The French Revolution   The French Revolution
The French Revolution was a period of radical social and political upheaval in France from 1789 to 1799 that profoundly affected French and modern history, marking the decline of powerful monarchies and churches and the rise of democracy and national...
 
    Céspedes, Decl. of Independence Cuba 1868   Céspedes, Decl. of Independence Cuba 1868
Carlos Manuel de Céspedes del Castillo was a Cuban planter who freed his slaves and made the declaration of Cuban independence in 1868 which started the Ten Years' War. Céspedes was a landowner and lawyer in eastern Cuba, near Bayamo, who purchase...
 
    Greek War of Independence   Greek War of Independence
The Greek War of Independence, also commonly known as the Greek Revolution, was a successful war waged by the Greeks to win independence for Greece from the Ottoman Empire. After a long and bloody struggle, and with the aid of the Great Powers, indep...
 
    Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi   Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi
Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi was the queen of the Maratha-ruled princely state of Jhansi, situated in the north-central part of India. She was one of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and for Indian nationalists a symbol of resist...
 
       
         



 
 
         
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