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    Battle of Actium, Begin of the Roman Empire  
The Battle of Actium was the decisive confrontation of the Final War of the Roman Republic. It was fought between the forces of Octavian and the combined forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra. The battle took place on 2 September 31 BC, on the Ionian S...
 
    ROMAN PERIOD  
The Roman Empire was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilisation, characterised by an autocratic form of government, headed by an Emperor, and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa, the Middle East...
 
    The Aeneid, Virgil  
Virgil's great epic transforms the Homeric tradition into a triumphal statement of the Roman civilizing mission. The Aeneid describes the adventures of Aeneas, the legendary Trojan hero who survived the fall of troy, sailed westward to Italy and foun...
 
    Virgin Mary, Mother of Jesus  
Mary of Nazareth often referred to by Christians as the Virgin Mary or Saint Mary, was a Jewish woman of Nazareth in Galilee, identified in the New Testament as the mother of Jesus Christ. Muslims also refer to her as the Virgin Mary or Syeda Mariam,...
 
    Celsus, Roman Encyclopaedist, Medicina  
Aulus Cornelius Celsus was a Roman encyclopaedist, known for his extant medical work, De Medicina, which is believed to be the only surviving section of a much larger encyclopedia. The De Medicina is a primary source on diet, pharmacy, surgery and re...
 
    Philo of Alexandria, Jewish Philosopher  
Philo, known also as Philo of Alexandria, Philo Judaeus, Philo Judaeus of Alexandria, Yedidia and Philo the Jew, was an Hellenistic Jewish philosopher born in Alexandria. Philo used allegory to fuse and harmonize Greek philosophy and Judaism. His met...
 
    Arminius, Victory at the Teutoburg Forest - AD 9  
Arminius also known as Armin or Hermann, was a chieftain of the Germanic Cherusci who defeated a Roman army in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest. Arminius's influence held an allied coalition of Germanic tribes together in opposition to the Romans b...
 
    Germanicus, Defeated Arminius - AD 16  
Germanicus was a successful and popular Roman general who avenged the defeat sustained by Varus in ad 9, defeating Arminius (Hermann) at Idistaviso on the Weser in ad 16, but was recalled for failing to exploit his success. On his return to Rome in a...
 
    Claudius, 4th Roman Emperor  
Claudius was Roman emperor from 41 to 54. A member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, he was the son of Drusus and Antonia Minor. He was born at Lugdunum in Gaul, the first Roman Emperor to be born outside Italy. Because he was afflicted with a limp and...
 
    Mary Magdalene, Disciple of Jesus  
Mary Magdalene is described, both in the canonical New Testament and in the New Testament apocrypha, as a devoted disciple of Jesus. She is considered by the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Anglican churches to be a saint, with a feast day of J...
 
    John the Apostle  
John the Apostle was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus. Christian tradition identifies him as the author of several New Testament works: the Gospel of John, the Epistles of John, and the Book of Revelation. Many modern scholars believe that John th...
 
    Saint Bartholomew the Apostle  
Bartholomew was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus. He has been identified with Nathanael, who appears in the Gospel according to John as being introduced to Christ by Philip (who would also become an apostle), although some modern commentators reje...
 
 
5 BC - 30
  Jesus Christ, of Nazareth  
Jesus (64 BC to 3033 AD), also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus of Galilee, is the central figure of Christianity, whom the teachings of most Christian denominations hold to be the Son of God. Christianity regards Jesus as the awaited Mes...
 
 
5 BC - 33
  John the Baptist, Forerunner of Jesus  
John the Baptist was an itinerant preacher and a major religious figure in Christianity, Islam (known as Yahya ibn Zakariyya), the Bahá'í Faith, and Mandaeism. John is described as having the unique practice of baptism for the forgiveness of sins....
 
 
5 BC - 64
  Saint Peter, Prince of the Apostles  
Saint Peter (died c. 64 AD), also known as Simon Peter, according to the New Testament, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, leaders of the early Christian Church. The Roman Catholic Church considers him to be the first pope, ordained by J...
 
       
 
         
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