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    Ulysses, Joyce  
Ulysses is one of the most influential novels of the twentieth century. It was not easy to find a publisher in America willing to take it on, and when Jane Jeap and Margaret Anderson started printing extracts from the book in their literary...
 
    Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus  
Ludwig Wittgenstein is widely regarded as the most important philosopher of the twentieth century, and the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus is the only book-length work of philosophy he published in his lifetime. Together, these two facts con...
 
    Red and Blue Chair, Rietveld  
In 1918, the architect Gerrit Thomas Rietveld designed a chair that affected not only furniture design, but the history of architecture. Rietveld's "Red and Blue" chair is now in the collection of the Museum of Modern Art, and it is a chair...
 
    Spanish Flu Pandemic, 1918  
The 1918 flu pandemic (commonly referred to as the Spanish flu) was an influenza pandemic that spread to nearly every part of the world. It was caused by an unusually virulent and deadly Influenza A virus strain of subtype H1N1. Historical...
 
    Richard Feynman, Physicist  
Richard Phillips Feynman was an American physicist known for the path integral formulation of quantum mechanics, the theory of quantum electrodynamics and the physics of the superfluidity of supercooled liquid helium, as well as work in par...
 
    Ceausescu, Romanian Dictator  
Nicolae Ceausescu was a Romanian communist politician. He was General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party from 1965 to 1989, and as such was the country's second and last Communist leader. He was also the country's head of state from...
 
    Leonard Bernstein, American Composer  
As composer, conductor, and educator, Leonard Bernstein emerged as one of a handful of figures in the twentieth century who truly changed the face of music. As a composer, Bernstein left a far-reaching legacy that includes three symphonies,...
 
    Ingmar Bergman, Swedish Director  
Ernst Ingmar Bergman was a Swedish director, writer and producer for film, stage and television. His influential body of work dealt with bleakness and despair as well as comedy and hope. Described by Woody Allen as "probably the greatest fi...
 
    Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian Writer  
Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn was a Russian novelist, dramatist and historian. Through his writings, he made the world aware of the Gulag, the Soviet Union's labour camp system, and for these efforts Solzhenitsyn was exiled from the Sovi...
 
    Nelson Mandela, President of South Africa  
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was South Africa's first black chief executive, and the first elected in...
 
    James Lovelock, Gaia Hypothesis  
James Ephraim Lovelock is an independent scientist, environmentalist and futurist who lives in Dorset, England. He is best known for proposing the Gaia hypothesis, which postulates that the biosphere is a self-regulating entity with the cap...
 
    Third Anglo-Afghan War, Independence from the British  
The Third Anglo-Afghan War, also referred to as the Third Afghan War, began on 6 May 1919 and ended with an armistice on 8 August 1919, resulting in the Afghans winning independence from the British Empire. According to British author Micha...
 
    Irish War of Independence  
The Irish War of Independence (Irish: Cogadh na Saoirse), Anglo-Irish War, Black and Tan War, or Tan War was a guerrilla war mounted by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) against the British government and its forces in Ireland. It began in Ja...
 
    Turkish War of Independence, End Ottoman Empire  
The Turkish War of Independence was fought between the Turkish nationalists and the proxies of the Allies, namely Greece on the Western front and Armenia on the Eastern, after the country was occupied and partitioned following the Ottoman E...
 
    Bauhaus Manifesto  
In 1919, the Bauhaus manifesto proclaims that the ultimate aim of all creative activity is a building. This meant that students participated right from the start in building projects. During the directorship of Walter Gropius, the work was...
 
       
 
         
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