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    Candide, Voltaire  
Voltaire wrote Candide at the age of sixty-five as a response, in the form of satirical mockery, to the optimism of Leibniz. "Everything is for the best in the best of worlds..." said the optimists. In Candide, both optimism and pessimism a...
 
    Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew  
Kew Gardens (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew) is the world's largest collection of living plants. Founded in 1840 from the exotic garden at Kew Park in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, UK, its living collections include more than 30,0...
 
    Georges Danton, French Revolutionary  
Georges Jacques Danton was a leading figure in the early stages of the French Revolution and the first President of the Committee of Public Safety. Danton's role in the onset of the Revolution has been disputed; many historians describe him...
 
    Robert Burns, National Poet of Scotland  
Robert Burns (also known as Robbie Burns, Rabbie Burns, Scotland's favourite son, the Ploughman Poet, Robden of Solway Firth, the Bard of Ayrshire and in Scotland as The Bard) was a Scottish poet and lyricist. He is widely regarded as the n...
 
    Mary Wollstonecraft, Feminist  
Wollstonecraft's lasting place in the history of philosophy rests upon A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792). In this classical feminist text, she appealed to egalitarian social philosophy as the basis for the creation and preservatio...
 
    Friedrich von Schiller, German Writer  
Johann Christoph Friedrich (later: von) Schiller, was a German poet, philosopher, historian, and dramatist. During the last several years of his life (17881805), Schiller struck a productive, if complicated, friendship with already famous...
 
    William Pitt, Youngest Prime Minister  
William Pitt the Younger was a British politician of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. He became the youngest Prime Minister in 1783 at the age of 24 (although the term Prime Minister was not then used). He left office in 1801, but wa...
 
    Wilberforce, Slave Trade Act 1807  
William Wilberforce was a British politician, a philanthropist and a leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade. A native of Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, he began his political career in 1780, eventually becoming the independent Me...
 
    Lord Grenville, Abolition Slave Trade  
William Wyndham Grenville, Baron, 17591834, British statesman; youngest son of George Grenville. He was foreign secretary in the ministry of his cousin William Pitt from 1791 to 1801. During the French Revolutionary Wars, Grenville led the...
 
    Sir Arthur Guinness  
Guinness was born in Celbridge, Co Kildare, in 1725. His father was land steward to the archbishop of Cashel, Dr Arthur Price, and brewed beer for workers on the estate. When Price died in 1752, he left £100 each to the two G...
 
    Camille Desmoulins, French Revolutionary  
Lucie Simplice Camille Benoît Desmoulins was a journalist and politician who played an important role in the French Revolution. He was a childhood friend of Maximilien Robespierre and a close friend and political ally of Georges Danton, who...
 
    Gneisenau, Prussian Field Marshal  
August Wilhelm Antonius Graf Neidhardt von Gneisenau was a Prussian field marshal. He was a prominent figure in the reform of the Prussian military and the War of Liberation. With Blücher, Gneisenau served in the capture of Paris; his mi...
 
    Akbar Shah II, Mughal Emperor  
Akbar Shah II, also known as Akbar II or Mirza Akbar, was the second-to-last of the Mughal emperors of India. He held the title from 1806 to 1837. He was the second son of Shah Alam II and the father of Bahadur Shah Zafar II. Akbar had l...
 
    Richard Wellesley, Governor-General of India  
Richard Colley Wesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley, was an Irish and British politician and colonial administrator. He first made his name as Governor-General of India between 1798 and 1805 and later served as Foreign Secretary in the British Ca...
 
    Thomas Clarkson, English Abolitionist  
Thomas Clarkson was an English abolitionist, and a leading campaigner against the slave trade in the British Empire. He helped found The Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade and helped achieve passage of the Slave Trade Ac...
 
       
 
         
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