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    George Gershwin, American Composer  
George Gershwin was an American composer who wrote most of his vocal and theatrical works in collaboration with his elder brother, lyricist Ira Gershwin. George Gershwin composed both for Broadway and for the classical concert hall. He also...
 
    Anton de Kom, Surinamese Activist  
Cornelis Gerard Anton de Kom was a Surinamese resistance fighter and anti-colonialist author. On May 10, De Kom was sent to The Netherlands without trial and exiled from his native country. He was unemployed and continued writing his boo...
 
    Bertolt Brecht, Poet  
Bertolt Brecht, German poet, playwright, and theatrical reformer, one of the most prominent figures in the 20th-century theatre. In his works Brecht have been concerned with encouraging audiences to think rather than becoming too involved i...
 
    C. S. Lewis, Writer  
Clive Staples "Jack" Lewis, commonly referred to as C. S. Lewis, was a British writer and scholar. Lewis's works are diverse and include medieval literature, Christian apologetics, literary criticism, radio broadcasts, essays on Christianit...
 
    René Magritte  
René Magritte is the main Belgian representative of Surrealism. The paintings of Magritte are enjoyable by all as they are witty, amusing and pleasing for the eye. René Magritte loved to play with the mind of the viewers. Probably the mo...
 
    M.C. Escher, Graphic Artist  
M. C. Escher was a Dutch graphic artist who made mathematically inspired woodcuts, lithographs, and mezzotints. His work features mathematical objects and operations including impossible objects, explorations of infinity, reflection, sym...
 
    Fritz Zwicky, Existence of Dark Matter, 1933  
Fritz Zwicky was a Swiss astronomer. He worked most of his life at the California Institute of Technology in the United States of America, where he made many important contributions in theoretical and observational astronomy. In 1933, Zwick...
 
    Alexander Calder, Painter, Sculpter  
Alexander "Sandy" Calder was an abstract painter and sculptor famous for working in wire and originating the dangling, moving artworks known as mobiles. Alexander Calder grew up in a family of artists, but he began his career by studying me...
 
    Philippine–American War  
The Philippine–American War was an armed conflict between the First Philippine Republic and the United States that lasted from February 4, 1899 to July 2, 1902. The war was a continuation of the Filipino struggle for independence that began...
 
    Al Capone, Gangster  
Alphonse Gabriel Capone, more popularly known as Al "Scarface" Capone, was a famous American gangster in the 1920s and 1930s, although his business card is reported to have said he was a dealer in used furniture. A Neapolitan born in New Yo...
 
    Ernest Hemingway, American Author and Journalist  
Ernest Miller Hemingway was an American author and journalist. His economical and understated style had a strong influence on 20th-century fiction, while his life of adventure and his public image influenced later generations. Hemingway...
 
    Vladimir Nabokov, Russian Novelist  
Vladimir Nabokov was a multilingual Russian novelist and short story writer. Nabokov wrote his first nine novels in Russian, then rose to international prominence as a master English prose stylist. He also made contributions to entomology a...
 
    Alfred Hitchcock, Director  
The acknowledged master of the thriller genre he virtually invented, Alfred Hitchcock was also a brilliant technician who deftly blended sex, suspense and humor. He began his filmmaking career in 1919 illustrating title cards for silent fil...
 
    Friedrich Hayek, Economist  
Friedrich August Hayek was an economist and philosopher best known for his defense of classical liberalism and free-market capitalism against socialist and collectivist thought. In 1974, Hayek shared the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sci...
 
    The Nobel Prize  
The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural or scientific advances. The will of the Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel estab...
 
       
 
         
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