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    Le Corbusier, Architect  
Charles-Édouard Jeanneret, better known as Le Corbusier, was an architect, designer, urbanist, and writer, famous for being one of the pioneers of what is now called modern architecture. He was born in Switzerland and became a French citize...
 
    Marcel Duchamp  
Marcel Duchamp, the painter and mixed media artist, was associated with Cubism, Dadaism and Surrealism, though he avoided any alliances. Duchamp’s work is characterized by humor, a wide variety of unconventional media, and its incessant pro...
 
    Padre Pio  
Francesco Forgione, later known as Padre Pio, canonized as Saint Pio of Pietrelcina, was an Italian Roman Catholic Capuchin priest who is now venerated as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church. He was given the name Pio when he joined the Or...
 
    Chiang Kai-shek, Opponent of Mao  
Chiang Kai-shek was a Chinese military and political leader who assumed the leadership of the Kuomintang (KMT) after the 1925 death of Sun Yat-sen. He commanded the Northern Expedition to unify China against the warlords and emerged victori...
 
    General Montgomery, Britain WW2  
Montgomery served in India before being sent to France at the beginning of the First World War. He was seriously wounded when he was shot in the chest in October 1914 and was hospitalized in England. He returned to the Western Front in 1916...
 
    Marc Chagall, Modernist  
Marc Chagall was a Russian–French artist, associated with several key art movements and was one of the most successful artists of the 20th century. He created a unique career in virtually every artistic medium, including paintings, book il...
 
    Vase with 12 sunflowers, Van Gogh  
Still Life: Vase with Twelve Sunflowers Oil on canvas, 91.0 x 72.0 cm, Arles: August, 1888. In February 1888 van Gogh settled at Arles, where he painted more than 200 canvases in 15 months. During this time he sold no pictures, was in pove...
 
    IBM History  
Although IBM was incorporated in the state of New York on June 15, 1911 as the Computing- Tabulating- Recording Company (C-T-R), its origins can be traced back to developments at the close of the 19th century. For example, the first dial r...
 
    Friedmann, Expanding Universe Solution  
Alexander Alexandrovich Friedman or Friedmann was a Russian and Soviet cosmologist and mathematician. He discovered the expanding-universe solution to the general relativity field equations in 1922, which was corroborated by Edwin Hubble's...
 
    T.E. Lawrence, Lawrence of Arabia  
Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Edward Lawrence, CB, DSO, known professionally as T.E. Lawrence and, later, T.E. Shaw, but most famously as "Lawrence of Arabia," gained international renown for his role as a British liaison officer during the Ara...
 
    José Raúl Capablanca, Cuban Chess Player  
José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927. A chess prodigy, he is considered by many as one of the greatest players of all time, widely renowned for his exceptional endgame skill...
 
    Oskar Schlemmer, Master of Form  
Oskar Schlemmer was a German painter, sculptor, designer and choreographer associated with the Bauhaus school. In 1923 he was hired as Master of Form at the Bauhaus theatre workshop, after working some time at the workshop of sculpture. His...
 
    Lead Belly, Folk and Blues Musician  
Huddie William Ledbetter, was an American folk and blues musician, notable for his clear and forceful singing, his virtuosity on the twelve string guitar, and the rich songbook of folk standards he introduced. He is best known as Leadbel...
 
    Gerrit Rietveld, Designer/Architect  
In 1911, Rietveld started his own furniture factory, while studying architecture. Rietveld designed the 'Red and Blue Chair' in 1918, influenced by the 'De Stijl' movement, of which he became a member in 1919, the same year in which he beca...
 
    T. S. Eliot  
American-English poet T. S. (Thomas Stearns) Eliot was born on September 26, 1888 in St. Louis, Missouri. A leader of the modernist movement in poetry, he is most famous for poems such as The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock (1915), The Wast...
 
       
 
         
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